Hypertension is one of the most common diseases in India. It is prevalent across both rural and urban regions. The number of patients is so high that it appears as a burden for India’s public health system.
In India, since long, hypertension has been perceived as a genetic disease and children are supposed to be susceptible towards it even if one of the parent is its patient. However, the other causes behind its high prevalence can be accounted to many factors, such as being overweight, excessive drinking, excessive intake of salts in diet, lack of physical activity etc.
Earlier, hypertension was assumed to be a disease that was common among the older population. However, due change in life style patterns and stress it has become quite common among young adults as well.
Hence, it is important to keep it under control and manage it better. The management of disease varies. The older generation are often on its medication with following strict regime of precautions and monitoring their heart health regularly while, young adults try to delay its onset by keeping themselves fit by regular exercise, diet control, stress reduction etc.
Hypertension is the primary risk factor for cardio vascular diseases. India needs to control morbidity and mortality associated with it. Apart from reducing the number of patients, the approach shall also involve creating awareness on its timely diagnosis and better management.