The following is the list of people who are considered weak or are given preference by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW):
- Have been houseless
- are Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander
- based on diversity
- have a connection with criminal justice systems
- identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex or Questioning
- whose mental health is deteriorated
- drug addicts
- based on age.
According to the new research, there are more chances of occurrence of diseases and drug addiction in people belonging to these groups
The drug consumption in the criminal justice system is surpassing the other population. According to a survey, about 65% of new prisoners were illegal drug users and the urine sample of about 75% were positive in 2017
In Dec 2017, 73% of drug consumers were diagnosed with injection-related health problems. Unhygienic ways of injecting were responsible for 0.5% of overall illness and injuries in 2015. According to AIHV, drug consumption and homelessness are two factors strongly linked together. According to the 2016 report, 80% of illegal drug consumers had been homeless at some point in life and 25% are presently living without shelter.
Many of such cases are being accommodated throughout the country by giving free of cost treatment to this unprotected chunk of society.
Facilities like meals, showers, legal aid, and social services are given to these homeless people by a health service named Western Australia’s Freo Street Doctor.
Although there is a need for further research to be done on the drug consumption of homeless people in contrast to the general population but according to Dr. Coles’ understanding, people who don’t sleep comfortably are more likely to be involved in drugs.
The most common symptoms of homeless people are fungal infections on skin, wounds on body and drugs and alcohol addiction.