Child mortality is a serious issue. It is one of the key health concerns across the world. However, middle and low income countries are the ones to suffer the most. Efforts have been taken from time to time to lower down this number as the diseases behind child mortality are mostly preventable.
Malnutrition is one of the key reasons behind high child mortality rates. Kwashiorkar, Marasmus are one of the common diseases caused due to malnutrition. Taking care of nutrition shall have a holistic approach. The diet shall be composed in such a way that it takes care of all the essential nutrients i. e. carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals. Each nutrient has its own role and function for the growth and development of the body and is important at every stage of life. Deficiency of any single nutrient in body causes a particular disease or a set of symptoms, which on diagnosis shall be catered by supplements. In fact, the importance of nutrition starts right from pregnancy and breast feeding.
Even if a child survives mild or average nutrition, it weakens their immune system that makes them further prone to other diseases. Even with growing age, below-average nutrition affects the growth and development of body which affects their overall health. Good health of individuals makes them strong and enhances their performance in every sphere of life. Thus, nutrition is critically important at early stages of an individual while remains crucial for the entire life cycle.
Thus, going beyond reducing child death, nutrition affects one’s health as well as a nation’s performance. It is a nation’s development indicator.